The year 2019 went by laying down a shaky foundation for an upcoming year. No one could have imagined that within the next few months, the entire world will come to a stand still because of an invisible threat. The Novel Coronavirus or Covid19 is perhaps the greatest horror story of the recent times. Although Covid19 is essentially a medical issue, however, due to its aggressive and rapid spread rate, the virus had direct economic implications on even the strongest of the countries in the world.

Unfortunately, the virus has spread across the borders and has been declared a pandemic with no sign of a preventive vaccine in near future. Health practitioners are currently relying on isolation and symptomatic treatments, which has forced governments to enforce lock-downs and economic shutdowns. While economically stable actions have been trying to sail through, the less developed economies have been the worst hit. Here are some of the major issues that most developing countries have been facing amidst the pandemic.

Lockdown versus Herd Immunity

This is the biggest debate in the developing world if lockdown is a logical option or not. Since the Covid19 has a very rapid spread rate and there is no cure or vaccine available at this moment, the WHO has recommended as forced isolation and lockdowns as the only solution to contain the virus.

However, lockdown directly means an economic shutdown. A large chunk of population in these countries live below poverty line and rely on daily earning from small jobs. An economic shutdown not only means zero-income for daily wage earners but have also resulted in job terminations for many formally employed people. As a result, there is a greater pressure on governments to sustain the society and ensuring something functioning. Unfortunately, such governments do not have enough resources to facilitate people who are out of jobs.

Lack of Education and Awareness

Due to high illiteracy and poor law enforcement, the risk of spread is even higher since governments have largely failed to enforce the SOPs. Most people continue to follow their regular lifestyles with no safety measures and have a generally casual attitude towards the disease. As a result, countries such as Iran, saw a massive spread rate which became difficult to control.

Poor Health Infrastructure

Most developing countries have exceptionally low Human Development Index and health is one of the most neglected sectors. A poor health infrastructure means there are less hospitals, public hospitals are poorly equipped and health facilities are largely understaffed. There is either acute shortage of testing kits and ventilators, or they are too expensive to afford for a common person. Due to lack of medical fundraising, developing countries usually cannot invest in research for discovering localized pharmaceutical treatments and vaccines and therefore, they usually rely on imported medical supplies which further worsens the situation. The lack of care prescribed covid19 protocols by the general public has led to immense pressure on an already burdened healthcare system and patients usually struggle to find vacant beds.

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