As any parent will testify, there’s nothing quite as terrifying as having an ill child. A common cold can feel utterly frightening – and your plight is made even more difficult by searching for the symptoms on Google.

Of course, on the vast majority of occasions there is absolutely no need to panic and some of the time conditions can clear up by themselves. However, if you feel that there is something slightly more serious occurring, you might want to consider pursuing some medical options and ensure that you understand  how to test Gillick competence when considering further medical treatment for your child.

Bearing this in mind, today’s article is all about taking a look at some of the most common illnesses that usually affect young children. Sure, we won’t get them all, but if your child does display symptoms of the following it’s not a huge surprise and they can be treated.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

This first illness we’re going to look at sounds horrendous on first glance, and the obvious symptoms sometimes are. First and foremost, please remember that this is completely separate to the foot and mouth disease that tends to affect animals.

The initial symptoms are like a lot of childhood illnesses and cover the likes of a fever and sore throat. Unfortunately, this is just the tip of the iceberg, with sores then starting to develop in the back of the throat before a rash takes over the hands and feet. It’s worth mentioning that all cases of Hand, Foot and Mouth disease are different, and not all children will display the same symptoms. Furthermore, generally treatment isn’t required and within a couple of weeks, the symptoms should have been cleared.


If your child is younger than five, they are in a group who are quite susceptible to croup.

Fortunately, it’s not serious, and shares a lot of similarities with the common cold. In essence, it’s a virus which causes the windpipe, bronchi and voice box to swell. Ultimately, it becomes a little harder to breathe and children have a very distinctive and harsh cough.

Unless your child is displaying major symptoms, generally speaking croup will resolve by itself.

Whooping cough

Caused by a bacteria, whooping cough is something that can be really serious in babies who are just a few months old. This is because their airways are still soft, so they are more susceptible to damage from the coughing motion.

It’s worth mentioning that pregnant women are offered a whooping cough vaccination through their pregnancy. The baby itself will also receive a vaccination at a couple of months.

Scarlet Fever

Once upon a time Scarlet Fever was a dangerous bacterial infection. Nowadays, it’s treated fairly easily.

The symptoms to diagnose Scarlet Fever are quite obvious as well. Most children will suffer with a sore throat, accompanied by a rash around the neck that sometimes spreads.

If you notice your child with both of these symptoms, you will need to visit a doctor who will conduct a strep test and administer antibiotics depending on the results.

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