Unfortunately, modern students often have health problems because of many reasons. What are these most common diseases and how to avoid them?

The Five Most Widespread Student Diseases

Student health is a pressing problem in modern society. Numerous studies show that the health of young people is not improving over time but deteriorating. From year to year, the number of students with various diseases rises.

Poor health reduces students’ effectiveness in an educational process. Untreated diseases, as well as those not identified during medical examinations, can be a basis for chronic pathologies that may limit young experts later.

While studying in college or university, the psychological and emotional load on students is quite large. The adaptive reserves of nervous, endocrine, and immune systems become depleted. Therefore, various illnesses people become typical for the youth.

According to the World Health Organization, lifestyle factors have a decisive impact on human health in 50% of cases. In particular, they include poor nutrition, constant stress, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol, drugs, problems in families and personal relationships, etc. As a result, only 20% of graduates can be considered reasonably healthy. So, what diseases make contemporary students visit a doctor?

1. Depression and Insomnia

According to statistics, in addition to colds and influenza, students most often visit a doctor with complaints on depression and mental exhaustion. The reason for that is a set of interrelated negative factors, many of which are primarily associated with the hectic pace of life in big cities. Depression can be caused by a sudden increase in academic load, rapid change of habits and social circles, problems in personal life, and so on.

As a consequence, college students often have insomnia. Also, they tend to delay test preparations until the last night. They might often change and skip sleeping hours, have parties until dawn, and drink tons of coffee. However, insomnia may be a sign of some more serious diseases, so visiting a doctor is always a good idea.

How to deal with it? Students can improve their health by changing their lifestyle and daily habits to get more sleep. They need to plan their time and set priorities or order a college essay instead of pulling another all-nighter. Also, active forms of recreation, such as sports, outdoor activities, and simple walks in the fresh air are highly recommended.

2. Eyesight problems

Vision issues are a “runner-up” on the list of student diseases. In most cases, it is an early stage of myopia, a visual defect due to which an image is not formed on the eye retina, but in front of it. However, a severe form of myopia, hyperopia, glaucoma, and cataracts also occur.

The reason for that is often a mental load, which causes a physical strain of eye muscles. Negative emotions, reading in low light, and excessive use of gadgets also negatively affect your eyes. As a result, students with eyesight problems get tired faster.

How to deal with it? Many eye diseases are manifested in adolescents before they enter a college or university, so the treatment should begin at an early stage of illness development. A doctor has to discover eye problems timely and prescribe a treatment option. Also, students should spend less time in front of displays of various devices and make sure the lighting is ample when reading.

3. Eating Disorders

Students commonly sustain such illnesses as gastritis and ulcer. Some doctors even call them occupational diseases peculiar to students. The thing is that students are always on the move. They are always short on time and rarely have a proper meal. Quick snacks on the go, poor-quality food, alcohol, and cigarettes can provoke various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and lead to the disruption of metabolic processes.

Irregular eating also harms student health. Some surveys have shown that more than half of students eat only two times a day. About one-third take a hot meal only once a day, mostly in evenings. At the same time, typical food of most students does not give a sufficient amount of vitamins and microelements to the body.

How to deal with it? Proper and balanced nutrition is an essential aspect of healthy student life. Youngsters should have full breakfasts, lunches, and dinners every day and roughly at the same hours. Instead of fast foods, you should eat more fruits and vegetables.

4. Illnesses of the Musculoskeletal System

The primary cause of the emergence and progression of this kind of diseases is a sedentary lifestyle, which causes muscle hypotension. The result is the inability of the muscular system to hold the bone structure in an upright position. Even minor deviations of the musculoskeletal system as early as at school age in combination with other unfavorable conditions can lead to the appearance of pathological posture that further points to the development and progression of scoliosis. Also, the cases of osteochondrosis are not uncommon among students.

On the other hand, some students may attend gyms, where they exercise uncontrollably on strength training equipment. Often, loads are chosen without proper accounting for health contraindications, which can lead to injuries and aggravate the already existing pathology of the musculoskeletal system.

How to deal with it? Movement is life, but youngsters should workout under the supervision of a coach or somebody experienced. Morning exercises, active lifestyle, and healthy habits will help avoid problems with your spine and the entire musculoskeletal system.

5. Skin and Venereal Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and so on are probably the most unpleasant and life-threatening group of student diseases, which is also incredibly diverse.

That includes almost harmless herpes, which causes little problems to its owner, and lethal AIDS, which is one of the most horrendous diseases of our time. Promiscuity and unprotected intercourse are why venereal diseases are widespread among students. Also, young people often do not decide to seek medical assistance on time.

How to deal with it? When it comes to your sex life, the use of a condom is mandatory. It is the most accessible and reliable means of protection from various diseases, as well as unwanted pregnancy.

 

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