The paranasal sinuses produce the mucus in the cavities in order to make the nasal passages, and it is common to experience sinus inflammation caused by bacteria, viruses, allergies, and fungi. The inflammation may be acute or chronic and trigger an autoimmune reaction. Although people try out various treatments for the conditions, most of it does not work unless you are aware of the right way of handling the situation.  During sinus inflammation, a condition denoted as sinusitis, the tissues that line the cavities in the skull that remain filled with air blocks the sinuses and traps air and mucus inside them.  This can result in pressure and pain and sometimes lead to bacterial infection.

Sinusitis can be uncomfortable and painful as people might experience mild to severe headaches due to clogging of the air passages around the nose, but the condition might go away on its own within 7-10 days unless it is chronic. For a persistent problem that keeps recurring and sometimes accompanied by severe headache and fever, you must consult an ENT doctor whom you can find at and who is a specialist for treating sinusitis in addition to other problems related to the ear, nose, and throat.

How to know that you have sinusitis?

Since the symptoms of sinusitis are often the same as that of common cold, people often confuse common cold as a sinus infection. Headache, facial pain, running nose, and nasal congestion can happen if you have a common cold and even due to sinusitis, but only a doctor can tell if the cause is a bacterial infection, which then surely is a case of sinusitis. The doctor treats sinusitis with antibiotics, which is the staple form of treatment for killing the germs that cause the infection.

Areas affected by sinusitis

Sinusitis affects the facial area where the sinuses are located, and besides being caused by a bacterial infection, molds, and fungi, it can affect people who suffer from a weak immune system and are most vulnerable to the infection. Those who have allergies can develop an allergic fungal sinus infection. Acute sinus infection can last up to 8 weeks, but if it persists beyond, then it amounts to chronic sinusitis. Although sinusitis is normally harmless, it can be life-threatening if there is an infection in the sinus cavity close to the brain.

Treatment of sinusitis

The treatment will depend on finding out the cause of sinusitis because if the cause is allergies, then decongestants will not work. If the problem persists for a few days, you must consult the doctor who could advise investigations like X-ray, CT scan, or MRI scan depending on the severity of the problem to find out the root cause of the problem. The doctor may treat the condition with an antibiotic if the problem is due to bacterial infection.

For Chronic sinusitis that is difficult to control and manage with medicines, the doctor might recommend sinus surgery to improve the drainage of sinus but will decide about it only after close monitoring of the condition for a prolonged period. An ENT surgeon can perform the surgery if the treatment proves ineffective in the long run.

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