Sections 4 and 5 of Findings and Recommendations Following Enquiries into Allegations Concerning the Care of Elderly Patients in Certain Hospitals

1. This Committee was appointed by the Leeds Regional Hospital Board during the period between 2nd and 18th August, 1967, and has been constituted as follows: —

  • Mr. J. F. S. Cobb, Q.C.,—Chairman.
  • Mrs. H. Slow, S.R.N., R.N.M.D.
  • Dr. T. M. Cuthbert, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., D.P.M.
  • Alderman A. E. McVie, C.B.E., J.P.

Terms of Reference

2. The terms of reference which the Chairman of the Leeds Regional Hospital Board directed to the Chairman of the Committee were: —

a) to investigate, so far as the available evidence permits, the allegations in pages 18 to 26 and 43 to 46 of ” Sans Everything ” in relation, respectively, to St. James’s Hospital, Leeds, and Storthes Hall Hospital, Kirkburton, Huddersfield;

b) to examine the situation in the geriatric and psychiatric wards in the foregoing hospitals at the present time ; and

c) to make recommendations.

3.After the foregoing terms of reference had been directed to the Chairman of the Committee, copies of statements made to “The News of the World” were supplied to him with a request that the allegations in such statements be also investigated by the Committee. The Committee’s terms of reference were therefore deemed to be enlarged to cover this request.

4.We sat for a total of eighteen days during the period between 9th October, 1967, and 4th January, 1968, and met for discussion on two further days. We received oral evidence from fifty-six witnesses (including witnesses making accusations, and those against whom accusations were made) quite apart from the very many Staff Members and Patients to whom we spoke during the course of tours of inspection. Due to the fact that most of the allegations investigated by us were between two and four years “old”, it was necessary to write many letters to possible witnesses, as well as to accused persons, who are now resident in other parts of the country, and even out of the country.

St. James’s Hospital (North)

5. Allegations relating to several male and female wards in the Geriatric Unit were made by a Nursing Auxiliary (still in Hospital Service) and by a Pupil Nurse (no longer in Hospital Service). In these allegations, one State Enrolled Nurse (no longer in Hospital Service) was named and accused as a person responsible for ill-treatment and harsh conduct: and one Sister (no longer in Hospital Service) was named and accused as a person who condoned the behaviour of the aforementioned State Enrolled Nurse: other unnamed, unidentified and unidentifiable nurses were accused by the aforesaid Nursing Auxiliary and Pupil Nurse of various acts of ill-treatment.

6.The accusations made against the aforesaid State Enrolled Nurse included assaults; the deliberate act of making an elderly female patient inebriated by means of brandy which had been issued to the ward; swearing at patients; mischievously and maliciously squirting spirit onto the bodies of elderly patients in order to give them shocks.

7.We reached the conclusions that:

(i) the State Enrolled Nurse had occasionally sworn and used intemperate language in the presence of patients;

(ii) no assaults, and no other allegations of cruel conduct or ill-treatment, were proved to our satisfaction against this Nurse or against any other (unnamed, unidentified and unidentifiable) nurse ;

(iii) It was not proved to our satisfaction that the Sister knew of the swearing by the State Enrolled Nurse ; accordingly we found that in no manner did this Sister condone improper conduct towards, or in relation to, patients.

St. James’s Hospital (South)

8.Allegations relating to one Ward (primarily for Female Ambulant Patients) in the Psychiatric Unit were made by a Nursing Sister (no longer in Hospital Service). These allegations were of neglect and inefficiency, over a twenty-one week period, on the part of certain members of the Medical Staff, on the part of certain Senior Members of the Nursing Staff ; and, by necessary implication, on the part of Hospital Officers responsible for various service departments.

9.It is stressed that none of the allegations were of ill-treatment of, or of deliberate acts of cruelty towards, any patient.

10. Although many of the acts and facts deposed to by the Nursing Sister were true, or were probably true there was some exaggeration and/or distortion of the facts by her. After hearing all the evidence, we were quite unable to reach the conclusion that any member of the Hospital Staff (Medical, Nursing or Administrative) had been shown to have been neglectful, or to have fallen short in the proper discharge of his or her duty within the Hospital; and towards, or for the benefit of, the patients. We concluded that if the Nursing Sister who made the allegations had demonstrated a little more determination and initiative, the Psychiatric Unit of this Hospital would never have been pseudonymously referred to in “Sans Everything”.

Storthes Hall Hospital, Kirkburton, Huddersfield

11. Allegations relating to four male wards in this Hospital were made by a Male Nursing Auxiliary (now in his fifties and who had no prior nursing experience) against five named Senior Male Nurses; and against many unnamed members of the Hospital Staff (Medical, Nursing and Administrative). The allegations which covered a thirty-two week period, were of serious violent assaults, with fists or weapons, against male patients of all ages, committed by four of the five named Male Nurses; and condonation, indifference and apathy on the part of the fifth Male Nurse; against unnamed Doctors and Charge Nurses, that they colluded and conspired to subject patients to physical violence; and against those responsible for the running of the Hospital—(the Medical Superintendent was specifically excluded on the fourth day of sittings at this Hospital)—that they had a mentality only slightly better than that of those responsible for Belsen Concentration Camp; that the Hospital was like Belsen because it was a “brutal, bestial, beastly place”—it was a “hell-hole”.

12. Quite apart from the fact that there was no documentary or other evidential support or corroboration for any of the evidence of the Male Nursing Auxiliary, who made the aforesaid accusations, we were quite unable to give any credence to his evidence; and, accordingly found none of his allegations against any named or unnamed member of the Hospital Staff to have been proved.

Present Situation—St. James’s Hospital

13. We found: that the standard of nursing in the Hospital, and especially in the Psychiatric Unit, is of a high order ; that the conditions and facilities for nursing in the Geriatric Unit, having regard to the age of the buildings and to the bed-complements of the wards, are sub-standard; that a great deal of hard work is performed, and a great deal of tireless devotion to duty and of kindness is shown by members of the Medical, Nursing and Orderly Staff, as well as by Working Members of two Voluntary Organisations, The Friends of St. James’s Hospital, and the Rosemary Fellowship.

Present Situation—Storthes Hall Hospital

14. Due in no small measure to the quality of the Medical Superintendent, and of the Chief Male Nurse, as well, of course, as of the Senior Nursing Staff, we consider that the atmosphere in the Hospital is vital, healthy and progressive.

Recommendations—St. James’s Hospital

15.St. James’s (North): we recommend: reduction in the bed-complement of the wards in the Geriatric Unit; the provision of better sanitary and day-room facilities ; and a review of the present nursing staff establishment, andaction in the light thereof ;

16.St. James’s (North and South): whereas we do not criticise the present administration of this Hospital, either expressly or impliedly by the making of this recommendation, we do recommend the giving of consideration to the means of co-ordination by which the essential service departments within the Hospital can be most effectively integrated.

Recommendations—Storthes Hall Hospital

17. We recommend a review of the nursing staff establishment; and, in addition, the making of improvements in the methods of selection and early training of those recruited as Nursing Assistant. We further recommend that, wherever possible, bed-complements of wards should be reduced.

(Signed) J. F. S. Cobb, Chairman.

(Signed) H. Slow, Member.

(Signed) T. M. Cuthbert, Member.

(Signed) A. E. McVie, Member. (whose signature is appended to this Report in respect of paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4, 11, 12, 14 and 17 only; the signatory having been absent due to illness from parts of the Enquiry relating to St. James’s Hospital).

Dated this 13th day of March, 1968.


  1. I began my Psuchiatric Nursing Career at Storthes Hall Hospital in 1959 as a student nurse.

    The Senior Nurse Tutor was Mr Humphrey Sutcliffe, a benign and wise man. He told students, “You will see many things here that you do not like, But you must wait until you occupy positions of power before you can say or do anything about them.”

    He was right. I was employed as a student on Male wards and witnessed a great deal of mental and physical abuse frome established staff members and also from some junior staff and even from some student nurses.

    Beatings with fists against patients unable to defend themselves were commonplace, but staff members speaking out about them were threatened with the same treatment by established and violent staff members.

    Patients would be struck, punched, hit with open palms, fists, long handled bath brushes and anything else that came to hand by violent gangs of thugs bearing such titles as nurses ansd charge nurses.

    Patents were habitually mistreated, insulted, and deprived of care, dignity, and kindness by those charged to care for them. Fear was a vommon weapon employed by the ‘c aring’ community in order to rule with rods and fist of iron.

    Patients parcels, weekly supplies from the hospital shop, were routinely rifled by staff nurses, including one pious lay-preacher on the grounds that “They don’t know what they’ve got so they never miss it.”

    Storthes Hall hospital was a hell hole for the many long term patients, many of whom were incarcerated fopr such complaints as ‘moral turpitude,’ including girls that had been locked in there since they were very young because they took a couple of coppers from their mothers’ handbags.

    Life was hard, far harder than it ought to have been, but neither patients or their relatives would dare to conmplain because if they did their relatives would be treated even harder by the brutal staff.

    Not all the staff was brutal, and some of the young student nurses kicked against the brutalisers, but having no power and finding no official ears that were interested in hearing complaints about old hands their reports largely fell on deaf ears and the culture of brutality continued unavated.

    I note thet the ‘tribunal’ set up to investigate complaints against staff members felt that conmplaints did not reach the standard of evidence they required. It is evident that they chose to disbeliev whatever they did not want to believe and so the status quo continued until the place was torn down.

    I learned that not all Nazi brutalisers were German, but that some were homegrown and living within travelling distance of Storthes Hall Hospital where they subjugated the mentally ill by behaviours and attitudes that proved they were on the wrong side of the white coats.

    Believe what is said and reported, because it is almost always true.


    1. Kate Pope says:

      I am saddened to read this. I suppose we should not be surprised that this was happening back then as it continues to happen today.
      I have discovered that my great grandmother died at North Spring House; am I right in thinking that Storthes Hall was once North Spring House? She passed away in 1954. I am looking to find out more on her time there and how she died and indeed what her diagnosis was. Alice Joyce of Halifax 1893 -1954

  2. Lynne Temple says:

    I am deeply saddened to read this. My dear granddad spent 4 years in Storthes Hall unitil his death in 1963. I visited as a very young child. These days he’d have been given cognitive behaviour therapy or the like instead of electric shock treatment and probably worse for something akin to OCD.

  3. Michael Walsh says:

    Like the two previous comments I am saddened by suggestions of mistreatment to people who for the most part seemed to me were removed from the real world for many reasons some of which now as a mature adult appear dubious and committed to this large institution often for the rest of their lives. My involvement and reasons for making this comment are two fold. Firstly that for around forty years from about 1948 my father was employed as hospital Secretary in charge of the administration of the unit under a committee of local dignitaries and secondly that I worked in school holidays as a porter on the female side and later prior to attending agricultural college,the more as an employee on the hospital farm. It was not until in later life I have thoughts to why people were committed to this place. There were indeed many sad cases where people were sent to storthes hall reasons that would now seem ridiculous. But I never witnessed any acts of cruelty during the time I lived in the grounds and was associated with the hospital. I would be saddened if I thought my father, a qualified barrister at law would have had any knowledge of the type of events mentioned without taking appropriate action. That really is all I can say in his defense, he passed away in 1996

    1. steve pakes says:

      I had the pleasure of working with Mr Walsh and all I can say is that he was a lovely man and could in no way be associated with any mistreatment of patients or indeed any one else. Times have changed and unfortunately people who did not live or work in those times are making judgements with little or no foundations to support their viewpoints. Having worked in this hospital I am so proud of the people I worked, lived and learned from. A good researcher would quickly find out that many of the nurses trained at SHH went on to achieve prominent positions in hospitals throughout the UK and beyond

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