Category Archives: Clinical conditions

Most of us accept that as we get older our eyesight is likely to get worse. Very few people with normal vision get through life without finding it hard to read the small print, and the vast majority of us are using glasses or contact lenses by the time we hit our sixties. But that doesn’t mean we can be completely relaxed about deteriorating vision. Some eye problems can lead to serious conditions that can be avoided if caught early enough. That is why it is so important to have regular eye checks.

Where Does the Problem Lie?

For vision to be optimum, the light has to pass through several different tissues. A problem with any of these will disrupt sight and may lead to further problems.

  • The cornea is the clear window at the front of the eyeball
  • The aqueous humor is the liquid behind the cornea
  • The lens focuses the light onto the retina
  • The vitreous humor fills the eyeball behind the lens
  • The retina is the nerve covered tissue that receives the light and converts it into nerve impulses
  • The optic nerve carries the impulses to the brain

The Cornea

The cornea, as the only part of the eye exposed to the air, is susceptible to a variety of different problems. It can be infected or damaged. A common condition is conjunctivitis, an irritating inflammation of the surface of the cornea and of the inner eyelid.

Damage to the cornea can cause a number of symptoms, like redness, watering, or changed vision. The treatment depends on the cause, but in severe chronic cases, a corneal transplant may be required.

Although not required by a problem with the cornea itself, some treatments for poor vision, such as the LASIK surgery carried out by John D. Goosey, M.D. effectively adjust vision by changing the shape of the cornea.

The Lens

With age, the lens loses its elasticity, and this is the cause of presbyopia, the difficulty of close focusing that comes with age for most people.

The most common serious (though painless) problem affecting the lens is the development of cataracts, making the lens cloudy and opaque. Eventually, it leads to blindness but can be corrected by removing the lens in a straightforward operation.

The Humors

Glaucoma is a very serious condition in which the aqueous humor in the front of the eye does not circulate or drain properly. This causes a build-up of pressure throughout the eye which can cause the optic nerve to fail. It is a painless condition that builds up over many years, especially in those with a family history. It is one of the most important reasons for regular eye checks.

Floaters are little black dots that can appear in the field of vision. They are tiny opacities in the vitreous humor which become more common with age. Normally they are just a nuisance that your brain will adjust to, but they should be checked, especially if they are accompanied by flashes of light, as they may be a symptom of a developing problem with the retina.

The Retina

The retina is a mass of nerve receptors. It can only function when it is firmly attached to the back of the eyeball; if it becomes detached from its blood supply it rapidly dies. Therefore a detached retina must be treated as a high priority. Its symptoms are normally floaters and flashes, blurred vision, or blind spots. There are various treatments including laser therapy and the injection of a bubble of gas or oil to press the retina back against the eyeball surface.

Another common problem with the retina is age-related macular degeneration, where the main concentration of retinal receptors degenerate, and vision becomes vague. It is not curable, but early treatment can control the symptoms with medication or prescription glasses.

In Short

The protection of our eyesight is a priority for everyone. Although with the passing of years eyesight issues become more likely, problems can occur at any age. Diabetics are also at particular risk of complications affecting vision. The most important advice is to have regular eye checks by a qualified person, which will give early warning of the most likely conditions. Also seek an immediate consultation if you have any sudden change of vision, especially a sudden blurring or complete loss of areas of vision. That way you stand the best chance of preventing a lasting or incurable loss of sight.

Taina Schuster Marketing specialist with 7+ years of experience in Digital Marketing, Advertising and Project Management. Worked and led projects and campaigns within various industries, such as Retail, Food & Beverage, Entertainment, Healthcare and Oil & Gas.

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Eczema is a pesky skin ailment that inflicts itself upon a plethora of people all over the world. It leaves you with patches of skin that are dry and rough, and in some cases become irritated. In severe cases, people can experience extreme amounts of discomfort and pain (although pain is rare). This ailment means that patients are constantly looking for sources of moisture, and if they don’t get it, the skin condition could get worse. Finding the right cream for eczema is almost essential.


How Do You Get It?

Eczema isn’t contagious by any means, although a lot of people improperly perceive it to be. This is the kind of disease you develop through genetics, but it can also come to fruition through allergies or even “poor venous return”. If you’re seriously allergic to something, you’ll more than likely show signs of eczema when you come into contact with them (in some instances, incredibly severe cases of this skin condition can apply).

If you’ve ever heard someone talk about eczema like it was contagious, they clearly didn’t know much about the subject. It isn’t contagious, and you shouldn’t actively avoid anybody suffering from this ailment – then again, you wouldn’t if you knew exactly what they were going through.

How Is It Treated?

The ailment is treated through the use of various steroid creams any moisturizers. Steroid creams have been known to thin out the skin with vigorous use, but that’s okay in many cases, because eczema can lead you thickening of the skin. Moisturizers will always be a good idea, although individuals will talk about what works for them on a personal level. Some people will prefer products designed specifically for eczema sufferers, whereas others may want to take a much more “natural” route. There’s nothing wrong with that, as some medical remedies for eczema can make the situation a lot worse if applied in the wrong sense.


If you’re like me, you’ll go with regular products and natural moisturizers. Personally, I love coconut oil – it’s not too expensive and is one of the more “natural” moisturizers you’ll find around. It works wonders and can even be used in cooking and such! It’s been proven to kill bad bacteria on your skin, promoting a much healthier look all-around; give it a shot and see what you think. Some other natural moisturizers that I’m quite fond of would be cocoa butter and shea butter, both butters that are great for keeping the skin moist and supple.

There are obviously lotions out there that are Vaseline-based and such, or feature tons of fragrances and what not, but I would suggest you avoid most of those. The fragrances put inside of these lotions can react poorly with your skin, and if you already suffer from eczema, that’s a pot you really shouldn’t be stirring up. Take it from someone who has eczema and has been dealing with it for years – natural moisturizers rock!

That doesn’t mean that other products aren’t going to work and should be avoided completely – it’s all about personal tastes.

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Spotting the Sneaky Symptoms of Spondylosis

If you don’t know what spondylosis is, you’re not alone. If you have been diagnosed with this spinal condition, you know that it can be a very painful thing to live with. Spondylosis may begin as a small ache that gets worse and worse and worse. Fortunately, numerous modern treatments options are available. Keep reading to learn more about this condition and the treatment options available.

What is spondylosis?

In the most general of terms, spondylosis is a relatively common form of spinal degeneration. It is thought to be caused by osteoarthritis. It typically appears in older patients, but can be a problem for younger people, especially those who have put their bodies through repetitive stress or suffered injury or trauma.

Spondylosis occurs when the cushioning discs between spinal vertebrae can no longer absorb shock as they are meant to do. It may cause the bones of the spine to bear more of a direct load than they comfortably can. When this happens, the spinal vertebrae may become brittle. Bone spurs are commonly present, as are bulging or herniated discs that cause severe back pain. Bladder control and bowel control issues may be present — read this from about spondylosis. Strange sensations in the shoulders, arms, legs and feet have also been reported with spondylosis.

Spondylosis symptoms are not the same for everyone and may include numbness, tingling and weakness. Cervical spondylosis may cause moderate to severe neck pain, headaches and tingling feelings in the hands, fingers and arms. Lumbar spondylosis presents lower back pain and may cause pain in the lower extremities, as well. Morning stiffness is common. Difficulty walking, muscle spasms, and loss of balance may occur in both forms.

Who gets spondylosis?

In truth, almost anyone who lives long enough is likely to wind up with at least a mild form of spondylosis. Walking upright for a lifetime is the most common cause of spinal degeneration caused by arthritis. The condition is typically diagnosed by x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, and/or computed tomography, or CT scan. X-rays may reveal bone loss in spinal discs, whereas CT and MRI are used to examine the soft tissues of the spinal cord, vertebrae, back muscles and spinal nerves. X-rays can show a progressive decrease in the space between vertebrae, calcium deposits, bone spurs and other signs of degenerative inflammation.

What can be done about spondylosis?

You might have mild spondylosis and not even know it. If you do feel discomfort or even downright pain, you may avail yourself of a number of treatment options. Medically, it may be treated with over the counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDS, such as Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen and Naproxen. Muscle relaxants such as carisoprodol or cyclobenzaprine may also be prescribed by a physician.

The good news is, most patients find that their symptoms improve in a major way with medications and physical therapy, according to EmedicineHealth. If associated nerve problems such as weakness or numbness or pain due to sciatica are present, surgery may be an option to talk about with your physician.

A variety of physical therapies may be used to treat spondylosis. A trained physiotherapist may use heat therapy to improve blood supply to the area. Heat helps to deliver more oxygen and nutrients to affected area, says HealthCues magazine. Heat therapy may also work to eliminate waste caused by muscle spasms. Cryotherapy, or cold treatment, offers comfort by slowing blood circulation to the affected area. E-stim, or electrical stimulation, eases muscles with variable intensity of electric current. This sort of electric stimulation often acts as a drug-free, natural painkiller that can ease back spasms and reduce or even eliminate inflammation.

A physical therapist may provide deep tissue manipulation to relieve chronic muscle tension and reduce spinal spasms. Better physical habits may help, as well. Workplace modifications and cervical collars or back braces can be recommended to alleviate symptoms on the job.  You might find that an  inflatable Hot Tub will work wonders.

7. Strengthens the immune system

Surgery is generally the last resort for those who suffer from the severest forms of the disease. For persons who experience loss of bowel and bladder control, surgery to correct spondylosis can offer a much more comfortable life.

If you think you may have spondylosis, consult with your doctor. He or she can perform a series of painless tests that will let you know for sure. If you do have spondylosis, treatment options are available.

Chelsea Birch is a student at medical school who writes about medical and health issues when time in her busy schedule allows! She enjoys sharing her newfound knowledge and using her articles for further research and understanding.

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Vacations are going on. The weather is pleasant, and your wife and kids want to spend quality time in a park. Your kids insist you on going outside, but you do not have any other option than to refuse. Why? The answer is allergies. Due to high pollen, or a greater proportion of dust in the air, you can only be out of the house for a short period. In allergic individuals, the immune system identifies these harmless substances as threats producing inappropriate responses. However, allergies are not at all desired. Every person wants to defeat the allergies infused in them. Below we list five simple methods that will help you get rid of the unwanted allergies:

  • Remain Indoor

It is not practically possible spending the rest of your life surrounded by walls only. But try to limit your time outdoors as much as you can to avoid the allergic consequences. If you are allergic to pollen grains in the air, during spring’s trees releases innumerable of them that you are going to breathe them boosting your allergic reaction. Substances like pollens or dust particles can be prevented using appropriate equipment like glasses or masks to keep them out of contact. Once you are inside the house, take a shower and change clothes so that you do not bring allergic substances into the home. To remain safe even indoor, protect your indoor air. You can buy and install an HEPA air purifier to refine and cleanse the air.

  • Take Medicine

Antihistamines can be used to block body’s response to allergies. Nasal sprays can be used for more severe allergies. However regular allergy medication can be complemented with other remedies like:

  • Cup of peppermint tea
  • Chamomile tea
  • Green tea and drinks based on it
  • Herbal supplements
  • Pycnogenol
  • Eat Healthy

Diet, diet and diet. A healthy diet ensures a healthy life. Studies prove that people taking the maximum number of fruits, vegetables and nuts have fewer allergy symptoms. Improper eating habits will ruin your body systems. Having a proper diet is a critical factor in kerbing calories. However, it must be noted that this advice is not applicable to people with specific food allergies.

  • Go Natural

Keep your home clean and natural. Your allergic symptoms can be aggravated by disturbing chemicals used in your houses. Encourage the use of natural laundry detergents to minimise the risk of allergies. Adopt fundamental techniques. Apart from these prevent synthetic and precisely harmful substances that might trigger your allergies worsening it. For example, avoid cigarette smoke and other toxic fumes. Prefer going to smoke-free zones wherever you visit.

  • Reduce Stress

It does not seem so, but pressure is directly proportional to the frequency of allergic attacks. If you take excessive pressure throughout the day, it might damage your immune system. The immune system is supposed to take care of your health primarily. If the immune system is weak, there is the higher tendency of allergic reactions. If you learn how to control stress, it will help you to live without allergies.

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Whether or not you know it, your blood contains a specific amount of oxygen. The specific level of oxygen in your blood can tell you a great deal about your current health. If you’re suffering from a breathing or circulation problem, there is a good chance that your blood oxygen level will be low. This is generally referred to as Hypoxemia. Below, you will learn all about this condition, its basics and the common causes.

Understanding Arterial Oxygen

First and foremost, you should take the time to familiarize yourself with the normal amount of oxygen in the blood. In general, the normal arterial oxygen levels should range between 75 and 100 millimeters of mercury. Those that have less than 60mm HG in their blood will need supplemental oxygen. You can test your blood oxygen levels at home by utilizing a pulse oximeter. When using one of these devices, 95 to 100% is generally considered to be normal. Anything below 90% should be considered low.

blood oxygen monitor

What Is Needed To Maintain Normalcy

In order to maintain the appropriate blood oxygen levels, a handful of factors will need to be present. Below, you will find a handful of factors, which can lead to Hypoxemia.

  • The air you’re currently breathing must have enough oxygen

  • Your lungs must be functioning properly. They should inhale oxygen, while exhaling carbon dioxide

  • The bloodstream is able to circulate the blood to the lungs, while carrying the oxygen throughout the body

If there is a flaw at any stage, the blood oxygen levels in your body will drop. Hypoxemia is also commonly associated with a handful of different health problems. While Hypoxemia is commonly associated with health complications, it may also be linked to exercise and residing in high altitudes.

Possible Symptoms

Those suffering from Hypoxemia will be likely to experience a handful of symptoms. The severity of the symptoms tends to deviate from one patient to the next. Nonetheless, the most common will be provided below.

  • Headaches

  • Shortness of breath

  • Confusion

  • Restlessness

If you suffer from a combination of these symptoms, it is highly likely that Hypoxemia is the problem. In order to treat the problem, it is essential to locate the source cause. Depending on the condition at play, it may be essential to continue monitoring your blood levels with an oximeter regularly.

Hypoxemia Causes

Millions of people are suffering from respiratory diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with an occasional flare-up. During these flare-ups, the individual will exhibit shortness of breath, hypoxemia and confusion. Other conditions that are linked to hypoxemia include:

  • Anemia

  • Congenital heart defects (children and adults)

  • Emphysema

  • Interstitial lung disease

  • Pulmonary edema

  • Sleep apnea

  • Pulmonary embolism

Opioids and anesthetics are also linked to hypoxemia, causing respiratory depression. In this case, the condition is often linked to an exacerbation of one of the diseases listed above. This is why patients being administered opioids and anesthetics must be monitored very carefully. Most physicians will advise their patients to avoid taking opioids or other types of pain medications.

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention there are over 52 million adults living with some form of arthritic disorder. Most of these individuals are forced to rely on a daily multi-dose nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). These drugs are highly known for their side effects, which can range from extreme fatigue to the development of peptic ulcers. Believe it or not, there are other options out there that are much safer and may or may not include prescription or over-the-counter NSAIDs. Below, you will discover more information on this topic, so you can start living and enjoying your life pain free.

Routine Exercise

Many individuals suffering from arthritic disorders will just give up on living. The main reason for this is because they are forced to endure a fair amount of pain 24-hours a day. The pain may also cause them to avoid physical activity, because they are afraid that it will enhance the pain and inflammation. This is a huge misconception that will on hinder your ability to enjoy your life. Walking, water aerobics, and biking are wonderful strengthening exercises that will help reduce markers of inflammation, which is the root of your pain. Palmitoylethanolamide (Palmidrol) is a safer alternative to harmful NSAIDs.

arthritic hands Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory


Cortisol is a natural chemical or hormone produced in the adrenal glands. Cortisol’s main function is to increase blood glucose levels, which in turn will suppress the immune system and force the body to burn more body fat. Individuals exhibiting high levels of pain will have higher levels of cortisol than individuals living pain-free. The production of cortisol will increase in high-stress situations, which is why it is so important to keep your stress levels to a minimum. Acupuncture is a very effective alternative to expensive prescription drugs such as steroids, because it can decrease edema and inflammation. However, acupuncture is not classified as an immunosuppressant, even though it can be a favorable anti-inflammatory. Taking Palmidrol with routine acupuncture injection therapy will be great start to getting back to your normal self.

Chiropractic Therapy

Many arthritis suffers will head straight to their physician’s office, when they develop an onset of inflammation. Did you know that you might potentially receive more benefits from chiropractic therapy than prescription drugs? Many opioid pain relievers are highly addictive and they only mask the pain, without treating the underlying problem. Chiropractic therapy does not involve prescription pain medication, but it does help to eliminate muscle spasms, inflammation, and pain. The chiropractor will also encourage you to utilize cold and heat treatments before and after each therapy session. By combining these two treatments, you will be able to return to normalcy in just a matter of time.

Physical Therapy

If you are a long-term arthritis suffer, you have probably been sitting in that recliner for an extremely long time. Getting back on your feet will be challenging and nearly impossible without the assistance of a licensed physical therapist. This professional will provide you with educational and training techniques that will help reduce your pain level and aid in poor condition recovery. When combining physical therapy with Palmidrol, you will be back on your feet in no time at all.

Lose Weight

It should be pretty obvious that being overweight can put more stress on your joints. If you are experiencing arthritis the extra weight is only going to apply more pressure on the entire musculoskeletal system. This is especially true for the hips, knees, and ankle regions. Loosing a little bit of weight can go a long way to making you feel better, reducing your pain, and getting your healthier.

Less weight on your joints will allow you to move are easier, feel less pain when moving, and stop you from further damaging your joints.

Using Electricity To Help With Arthritis

Most people aren’t aware of the fact that electricity can also be used to aid in reducing arthritis pain. In fact, electrical stimulators have been used ever since the 1960s to aid in pain relief. Of course, new advances and discoveries have made since then. Physical therapists will often times use what is known as a transcutaneous electrostimulation (TENS) to aid in swelling and pain relief around the arthritic area. Basically, the process just involves placing electrodes around the joint that is affected with arthritis and delivering a few electromagnetic pulses.

Some individuals are also turning to a new form of acupuncture known as electroacupunture. This form of acupuncture just basically involves adding a little electricity to the acupuncture needles. Whichever method you might decide to go with, you will be happy to know that both have shown evidence of short-term pain relief and easing of stiffness in the infected joints.

Assistive Devices That Can Aid In Arthritis Pain

There are a variety of devices that you can aid in your daily struggle of arthritic pain. Some of these devices include shoe inserts, splints, braces, and canes. All of these devices can help take pain off the infected area and redistribute it. These devices will also prevent you from damaging the infected area any further than it is already damaged. It is recommended to speak with your physician, before starting any of the above treatment options. Your physician may recommend continuing your current medication regimen, but you can also inquire about these methods, just to get an idea if they will effectively work in your favor.

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Makeup is a woman’s best friend. No woman can imagine a life without makeup. There are variations in the amount of makeup each woman uses but, a woman without makeup is like a cake without sugar.

Makeup has always been taken as something that harms the skin. It might have been true in the past, but with the changing times, makeup industry has progressed a lot. Studies and researches are done regularly to come up with products that give out best results and are beneficial for the skin.

Let it be a primer, foundation, BB cream or lip balm, everything contains the best ingredients that promise a ravishing result and also nourish the skin.

With the increasing competition in the market and every product promising to leave your skin better than before, it gets difficult to choose from. Here is a list to know of particular ingredients that famous makeup products of good quality contain and that is beneficial for the skin. If these ingredients are listed among the top three ingredients, the product is worth slipping into your makeup collection.

Vitamin C

Just like it is useful to gulp down a glass of orange juice in the morning, Vitamin C is equally beneficial for your skin. It helps keeping the skin Collagen intact which results in a fresh looking, young and healthy skin. It also banishes dark spots and corrects the damages caused by exposure to the sun. Vitamin C also acts as an anti oxidant and helps in stopping the harmful changes that are caused by the free radicals that enter the skin.

Vitamin C is perishable so make sure to buy a product that you intend to use within a month. Also keep it away from heat and sunlight at it weakens it.

Copper peptides

Copper peptides manoeuvre the collagen production of the skin and thus result in a tighter, firmer and younger looking skin. Products that are rich with copper peptides boast of giving your face a complete lift. This is however far from true. No product can replace the surgical results of a face lift.


The natural collagen in the skin is responsible for a plump looking tighter skin. When the skin starts losing collagen, it starts sagging and ages. Different foundations in the market boast of being collagen enriched that may be sufficient to give the skin same young and tight look. Nothing can beat the nature. Same goes for this. The artificial collagen might be good enough to fill in the fine lines and give the skin an overall smooth look, but it cannot penetrate the skin and replace the natural collagen.


Kombucha is relatively a new ingredient and is said to be made up of fermented tea and is known to be packed with antioxidants. With so many benefits, more and more products are being made having Kombucha in them. The antioxidants help in keeping the skin firm and fresh.


This is a new product and hasn’t been studied well. Studies show resveratrol to be a heart healthy ingredient that is present in red wine. With its anti aging qualities gaining popularity, it is becoming common in more cosmetic products.

There are websites that give information regarding famous makeup items containing ingredients that improve the skin and give out excellent results.  It is better to be sure about a product before using it.

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It’s perhaps no surprise that of all the Adrenal Fatigue symptoms, fatigue is the one that most people commonly suffer from. However, this isn’t the only one, as every part of the body can be affected by Adrenal Fatigue due to its lowering of the number of neurotransmitters and hormones in the body. This often means that each person who has the condition will have different symptoms alongside the common complaints.

For those who have Adrenal Fatigue, they’ll probably find that they suffer from a lot of the common symptoms, if not all. But there are also some less common ones that only a small handful of people will suffer from, including frequent urination and low blood pressure. Below you’ll find just some of the symptoms that could indicate that you’ve got Adrenal Fatigue:

Even After a Long Night’s Sleep, You Struggle To Get Up in the Morning

Insufficient sleep is one of the largest causes of Adrenal Fatigue, which means getting more rest is one of the best ways to recover from this illness. However, even after getting a good night’s sleep, a lot of patients will still feel incredibly tired the following  morning, often describing themselves as feeling “foggy”.

There are two contributing factors that cause this. Firstly, because a lot of sufferers feel incredibly stressed when they first get this condition, their cortisol and adrenaline levels are high. This means the natural 24-hour cortisol level cycle we all have can become interrupted, leading to the patient feeling alert at night, therefore preventing them from getting a restful sleep.

For those who are in the later stage of Adrenal Fatigue, they’ll have lower levels of cortisol. However, this means that early in the morning their blood sugar level tends to be a lot lower, which results in them waking up feeling hungry before it’s time to get up. You will find that a lot of suffers at this stage of Adrenal Fatigue will snack late into the night because of this.

You’re Feeling Incredibly Fatigued Every Day

Do you feel like you’re running on empty all the time? Having to drink coffee all day to get through it? Now might be the right time to start looking into why you’re so tired. Chronic stress could be a factor but there are also a number of other reasons you could be feeling like this too.

When suffering from Adrenal Fatigue in the later stages, your adrenals deplete, which means you aren’t producing the amount of hormones your body requires. A lot of your levels, including norepinephrine and adrenaline, will be lower, which will be why you’re finding it difficult to get going throughout the day. And it could be why you get a sudden energy surge later on in the evening.

To bounce back, you’ll need to improve your diet so it provides the raw materials your body needs to boost your adrenals; you’ll need to get rid of those stressful aspects of your life and change your lifestyle to suit.

You Just Can’t Handle Any Stress

If you find that you’re becoming overwhelmed by any amount of stress, even if it’s only slight, this could indicate that you’re suffering from Adrenal Fatigue. A lot of suffers have a difficult time trying to deal with emotional or physical stress, which also leads to extreme tiredness and is related to the lower level of hormones found in the later stages.

Because our body releases hormones to deal with stress and these are lowered when suffering from Adrenal Fatigue, it reduces the body’s ability to cope with stress. You may also feel that you’re lacking enthusiasm for things, you’re not interested in the things you used to be and that you’re irritable.

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Other Symptoms

Other common symptoms that you may find you’re suffering from are: a craving for salty foods (this is due to the fatigue in your adrenals); you may have higher levels of energy in the evening; you may overindulge in caffeine and sugar (to try and boost your energy levels) and you may find you’re suffering from colds and other illnesses more frequently (this is due to the lower levels of cortisol not helping to regulate your immune system as effectively).

Less common symptoms include dark circles under your eyes, asthma, dry skin, dizziness, joint pain, loss of muscle tone, low sex drive, low blood pressure, weight gain, poor circulation, lower back pain, low blood sugar and lines in your fingertips.

If you’ve read through this article and you feel like you’re recognizing a lot of the symptoms, you should consult medical advice straight away, whilst also making those all-important lifestyle changes that will speed up your recovery.

David Hammond works in the medical profession and enjoys writing articles to explain certain symptoms, raising awareness of a condition and explaining what lifestyle changes should be made to combat it.

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One of the scariest facts that sexually active people must face is the danger of sexually transmitted disease. While utilizing protection in the form of condoms can help to reduce the risk of STD transmission, only abstaining from all sexual contact will keep you 100% safe. This is why sexually active people are urged to get regular testing at National STD testing centers to get accurate results, as well as get access to support resources. In addition to protecting yourself during sexual activities, being aware of which STDs are most prevalent can be of great help. If you know what to look for, you will have a better chance of evading STD infection.

Lab man

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1. Herpes Simplex

Herpes can be a bit tricky. While genital herpes is technically categorized as an STD, infection doesn’t always come about as a result of sexual contact. Some forms of herpes can be spread via non-sexual contact, making it difficult for patients to determine exactly when, how or where they were first exposed to the virus. There are at least eight known variations of herpes simplex, making it one of the most commonly occurring STDs in the world. The symptoms of herpes simplex generally consist of cold sores, blisters, redness and irritation.

2. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

This STD has become widely known as a result of rising cervical and penile cancer rates. The good news is that HPV has a vaccine, and in many cases, it is treatable. Some cases of HPV clear up after a period of time on their own, but many patients with this STD aren’t even aware that they are infected. HPV can only be transmitted through sexual contact, and is very prevalent in younger adults who may not have proper knowledge of the disease, its signs or risks. If you suspect that you have been exposed to HPV, a test can be performed so that a suitable course of treatment can be started.

3. Syphilis

Doctors have been treating this commonly occurring STD for hundreds of years. Syphilis stems from an infectious strain of bacteria that is spread through sexual contact, and progresses in four distinct stages. At first, you may not know that you have been infected with syphilis because the symptoms can be quite innocuous, initially. A small bump or sore in the genital region is the very first sign of this STD. It can take many years for the symptoms of syphilis to manifest, which is why regular STD screening is suggested for all sexually active persons.

4. Gonorrhea

Some sexually active people realize that they have gonorrhea soon after infection. The symptoms of this STD can include a heavy, unpleasant vaginal discharge for women, while men may experience severe pain while urinating. Other cases of gonorrhea are remarkable because patients showed no sign of symptoms prior to STD testing. The World Health Organization has recently revealed that gonorrhea infection is becoming more difficult to treat due to mutations in the disease. The best way to combat gonorrhea is with regular STD testing as well as responsible condom use.

The number of sexual partners you have has little bearing on your risk to STD exposure. Some people become infected after a single encounter, or after embarking on their first intimate relationships. While having an open and honest dialogue with potential sexual partners can be beneficial, going for STD screening together should help to put all of your trepidations to rest.

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Fight for Sight - Opening your eyes to the facts

Opening your eyes to the facts

Fight for Sight fund pioneering eye research, with the aim of creating a future everyone can see. They don’t receive any government money and completely rely on the support of their fundraisers and donors.

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If you are one of the millions of people who suffer with knee and hip pain, you’re certainly not alone. Knee pain and hip pain are some of the commonest adverse physical conditions in America today. It is estimated that some 52 million Americans suffer from arthritis-related knee or hip pain, with more people joining those ranks every year. Experts predict that by the year 2030, at least one-fourth of all Americans will find themselves dealing with some sort of arthritic changes in their knees and hips. According to the National Health Interview Survey, knee pain is the most commonly reported joint problem among adults. Fortunately, a range of effective treatment options are available.

What are the causes of knee pain?

The knee is a complex joint with many parts that can be damaged. Injured or misaligned bones, ligaments that connect bone to bone, and tendons that attach bones to muscles can all be damaged in a number of ways. The bursae, or fluid-filled sac that surrounds the knee can suffer injury, as well, explains the Mayo Clinic.

Injury, arthritis, and mechanical problems can lead to debilitating pain in the knee. Being overweight can also cause severe knee pain. Common injuries to the knee include tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL. This sort of knee injury is typical among basketball players, waitresses, soccer players, and other people who make sudden direction changes while walking or running. Fractures of the patella, or knee cap, often occur as a result of automobile accidents and sudden falls. Persons with bone-weakening osteoporosis may injure their knees merely by stepping the wrong way.

The meniscus is comprised of firm cartilage that absorbs shock, especially between the thighbone and the shin. Meniscus tears are a common sports injury. Bursitis of the knee is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the knee. Bursitis can cause unbearable agony to people with the condition. Bicycle riders, runners, joggers, and skiers may fall victim to another awful knee condition called patellar tendinitis.

Normal Canine Hips

What are the causes of hip pain?

The National Institutes of Health notes a number of causes of hip pain. Among these causes are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Warning signs of arthritis include joint stiffness, especially in the morning, swelling in one or more joints, and a ‘crunchy’ feeling that is actually bone rubbing against bone.

Hip fracture, tendinitis, labral tear, and dislocation are other somewhat common causes of pain in the hips. Nerve impingement, such as that which occurs with sciatica, sacroiliitis, synovitis, and meralgia paresthetica are also contributors to severe hip pain, says Mayo Clinic. People may suffer hip pain due to injury, as well. Falls are a common cause of hip pain, especially in older adults.

How a person can reduce pain in the knees and hips

Athletes who participate in sports may reduce their risk of injury by wearing an elastic brace to support the knee. Waitresses, cashiers, and others who spend a lot of time on their feet would do well to invest in a good pair of soft-soled shoes. Good sports shoes can help. Adding custom orthotics to work and sports shoes may offer an additional line of defense against knee and hip pain. A quality mattress may offer some amount of protection against hip pain. Maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of joint pain as well as a range of debilitating health issues.

The Arthritis Foundation recommends exercise to strengthen the ligaments and muscles that hold the knee together. Tai chi and swimming are both excellent exercises that offer health benefits without high impact to delicate knees and hips. Some people find relief via acupuncture and other alternative therapies. Using a cane may reduce pressure on the knees, but can lead to hip trouble unless the cane is a perfect fit and properly used.

Surgical interventions

Replacement joints made of ultra modern materials are a viable option for many persons who deal with unrelenting knee and hip pain. To find out if you are a good candidate for joint replacement, ask your physician for a referral to a quality surgeon, such as the doctors who offer hip replacement surgery by Orthopedic One.

Joint lavage and arthroscopic debridement involve the removal of tissue fragments from within the knee along with a sterile saline flush of the knee joint. The treatment is a bit controversial, and not recommended by all experts. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements work for some people, but again are not recommended by most orthopedic doctors.

Protect your knees and hips by staying strong and maintaining a healthy weight. If you do suffer from knee and hip pain, see a specialist without delay.   Get the right kind of shoes.

Connor Sheppard has a medical background, today working in eldercare. Always wanting to help people, and full of useful info, Connor writes articles on a number of healthcare topics.

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Male sexual dysfunction is a physical or psychological sexual related problem that prevents a man from getting sexual satisfaction. Many men will experience sexual dysfunction problems, in the form of premature ejaculation, a loss of sex drive and erectile dysfunction (impotence). Erectile dysfunction or ED is a man’s inability to achieve an erection suitable for sexual penetration. Premature ejaculation is when a man ejaculates too soon during sexual intercourse. There are a number of factors that can cause sexual dysfunction in a man. They include:

  • Stress and Anxiety
  • Depression
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Drugs
  • Medication
  • Alcohol
  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where the body’s pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin or is unable to use its own insulin sufficiently. As a result the amount of glucose in the blood is too high. If left untreated, diabetes can cause severe health complications such as kidney failure, heart disease, vision impairment, amputations and even premature death.

diabetic glucose levels

Diagram – Diabetic glucose levels

Diabetes can come in two forms, Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, with the latter being the more common of the two. There are 3.9 million people in the UK who have diabetes. It is estimated that about 35% to 75% of men with diabetes will experience some form of sexual dysfunction, years earlier than men who do not have the condition. This risk increases, as they get older, statistics showing that by that age of 70, a man with diabetes is over 90% likely to experience erectile dysfunction problems.

What Causes Sexual Dysfunction In Diabetics?

Diabetes can cause damage to the nerves and arteries in the penis. This disrupts the blood flow to the penis, which is needed to maintain and sustain an erection.

Erectile dysfunction
Diagram – Diabetes mellitus and erectile dysfunction

Men with diabetes are also usually linked to other health conditions such as obesity, high blood pressure and heart disease, all conditions linked to erectile dysfunction.

Sexual Dysfunction In Women

Although diabetes related sexual dysfunction is usually associated with men, it can in fact also affect women. Nerve damage caused by diabetes, can cause a number of symptoms associated with female sexual dysfunction (FSD), such as vaginal dryness, lack of arousal, difficulties in achieving an orgasm, and pain during sex. Although research is ongoing in this area, it has been found that women with diabetes are twice as likely to suffer from sexual dysfunction symptoms, than non-diabetic women.

How To Treat Sexual Dysfunction In Diabetics

Diabetics experiencing sexual dysfunction should speak to a health professional. A doctor will be able to seek out the underlying causes of your sexual dysfunction, and advise you on the best line of treatment for your erectile dysfunction. There are a number of options for treating sexual dysfunction problems. Medications to improve sexual function, hormone therapy, mechanical devices and therapy have all proven to be effective treatments.

Managing your diabetes effectively, by monitoring your blood sugar levels will also prevent any disruption being caused to the nerve and blood vessels – which can cause erectile dysfunction. Most men with diabetes usually have other health conditions, which can make their sexual dysfunction issue worse. If you think you may need treatment for another chronic condition such as high blood pressure or heart disease, which is contributing to your sexual dysfunction, it is advised that you speak to a doctor. Likewise, medication you may be taking, used to treat other health conditions usually linked to diabetes, could also worsen your erectile problems.

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