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Author Archives: Christopher Birt

The principal institutions of the EU are: Commission: proposes legislation, implements laws, upholds the treaties; It is appointed by the 28 governments, and is accountable to Parliament. Parliament: scrutinises proposals, amends and passes legislation, holds Commission to account; It is directly elected by the adult population. Council: protects rights of Member States, amends and passes legislation. Court of Justice: interprets the treaties, defines the meaning of laws What sort of “Brexit” is proposed? Article 50 of Lisbon Treaty. preparation for a second referendum? rights of UK nationals in other Member States not guaranteed. full access to Single Market (like Norway)? partial […]
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Introduction The UK Government has determined that on 23rd June 2016 the British people have to take a really momentous decision: whether the UK should remain as a member of the EU, or leave it. That decision will have major implications for the future health of the British Public. The EU affects our health and health services in many and complex ways; usually to our benefit (1). However, surprisingly few people appreciate that over half of the determinants of the health of all EU citizens are subject to legislation and policy development at EU level. This is largely because nearly […]
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Presentation on European Union Common Agricultural Policy by Christopher Birt at our seminar in Sheffield, 11th October 2013 The origins of the Common Agricultural Policy were in  the famine and starvation in Europe in 1940s and  post-war rationing which was retained in UK to feed Germany. The first aim of European agricultural policy was to ensure that this never recurred. The Common Agricultural Policy  is designed to protect the rural economy, and  to ensure food self-sufficiency. It is based on support to the production of certain commodities.  In the first 20 years this led to “beef mountains”, “milk lakes”, “butter mountains”, […]
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Presentation on European Union Health Policy by Christopher Birt at our seminar in Sheffield, 11th October 2013 Longer presentation on the health implications of the Common Agricultural Policy EU Health Programme 2008-13 “Together for Health” is coming to a close. Objectives: •to increase health security:  emergency planning; patient safety; blood, tissues, cells, etc.; •to promote health, by addressing health determinants and to tackle health inequalities; •To generate and disseminate health information;  health information systems. A new programme EU Health for Growth (2014-20) starts next year •themes for 2008-13 to be continued; •new emphases on innovation and sustainability of health services, public health, […]
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