If you are one of the millions of people who suffer with knee and hip pain, you’re certainly not alone. Knee pain and hip pain are some of the commonest adverse physical conditions in America today. It is estimated that some 52 million Americans suffer from arthritis-related knee or hip pain, with more people joining those ranks every year. Experts predict that by the year 2030, at least one-fourth of all Americans will find themselves dealing with some sort of arthritic changes in their knees and hips. According to the National Health Interview Survey, knee pain is the most commonly reported joint problem among adults. Fortunately, a range of effective treatment options are available.

What are the causes of knee pain?

The knee is a complex joint with many parts that can be damaged. Injured or misaligned bones, ligaments that connect bone to bone, and tendons that attach bones to muscles can all be damaged in a number of ways. The bursae, or fluid-filled sac that surrounds the knee can suffer injury, as well, explains the Mayo Clinic.

Injury, arthritis, and mechanical problems can lead to debilitating pain in the knee. Being overweight can also cause severe knee pain. Common injuries to the knee include tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL. This sort of knee injury is typical among basketball players, waitresses, soccer players, and other people who make sudden direction changes while walking or running. Fractures of the patella, or knee cap, often occur as a result of automobile accidents and sudden falls. Persons with bone-weakening osteoporosis may injure their knees merely by stepping the wrong way.

The meniscus is comprised of firm cartilage that absorbs shock, especially between the thighbone and the shin. Meniscus tears are a common sports injury. Bursitis of the knee is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the knee. Bursitis can cause unbearable agony to people with the condition. Bicycle riders, runners, joggers, and skiers may fall victim to another awful knee condition called patellar tendinitis.

Normal Canine Hips

What are the causes of hip pain?

The National Institutes of Health notes a number of causes of hip pain. Among these causes are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Warning signs of arthritis include joint stiffness, especially in the morning, swelling in one or more joints, and a ‘crunchy’ feeling that is actually bone rubbing against bone.

Hip fracture, tendinitis, labral tear, and dislocation are other somewhat common causes of pain in the hips. Nerve impingement, such as that which occurs with sciatica, sacroiliitis, synovitis, and meralgia paresthetica are also contributors to severe hip pain, says Mayo Clinic. People may suffer hip pain due to injury, as well. Falls are a common cause of hip pain, especially in older adults.

How a person can reduce pain in the knees and hips

Athletes who participate in sports may reduce their risk of injury by wearing an elastic brace to support the knee. Waitresses, cashiers, and others who spend a lot of time on their feet would do well to invest in a good pair of soft-soled shoes. Good sports shoes can help. Adding custom orthotics to work and sports shoes may offer an additional line of defense against knee and hip pain. A quality mattress may offer some amount of protection against hip pain. Maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of joint pain as well as a range of debilitating health issues.

The Arthritis Foundation recommends exercise to strengthen the ligaments and muscles that hold the knee together. Tai chi and swimming are both excellent exercises that offer health benefits without high impact to delicate knees and hips. Some people find relief via acupuncture and other alternative therapies. Using a cane may reduce pressure on the knees, but can lead to hip trouble unless the cane is a perfect fit and properly used.

Surgical interventions

Replacement joints made of ultra modern materials are a viable option for many persons who deal with unrelenting knee and hip pain. To find out if you are a good candidate for joint replacement, ask your physician for a referral to a quality surgeon, such as the doctors who offer hip replacement surgery by Orthopedic One.

Joint lavage and arthroscopic debridement involve the removal of tissue fragments from within the knee along with a sterile saline flush of the knee joint. The treatment is a bit controversial, and not recommended by all experts. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements work for some people, but again are not recommended by most orthopedic doctors.

Protect your knees and hips by staying strong and maintaining a healthy weight. If you do suffer from knee and hip pain, see a specialist without delay.   Get the right kind of shoes.

Connor Sheppard has a medical background, today working in eldercare. Always wanting to help people, and full of useful info, Connor writes articles on a number of healthcare topics.

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2 Comments

  1. Clutter says:

    I found hip and knee joint pain resolved after severe vitamin D deficiency was corrected.

  2. sfrobink says:

    I’m currently in PT for knee pain and they want me to strengthen all the muscles in my lower back, pelvis and legs in order to help the knee.

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